M@L, Ch 1: Here and Now

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  • The Global Now
    • Appadurai arguing that modernization is more complex than a sudden moment/area of change, yet “the first step in [his] argument is that electronic media decisively change the wider field of mass media and other traditional media” (3)
    • pervasive influence of electronic media to change the rules/frameworks of communication: differences in time/space
    • not only that, but ppl can create/recreate themselves more fluidly
    • constant circulation of electronic media = no clearly defined borders
    • “this mobile and unforeseeable relationship between mass-mediated events and migratory audiences defines the core of the link between globalization and the modern” (4)
  • Work of the Imagination
    • how mind has been affected by modernization: imagination’s shift
      • its role in daily life: growth in possibility of mvmt/migration (role of the diaspora)
      • imagination and fantasy: elec media’s contribution to more people having a feeling of agency (reacting to media)
      • indiv/collective sense of imagination: mediating through circulating ideas and images (transcending borders)
    • electronic media and ability of mass migration as 2 influences of modernity; yet this goes further than tradition theories of the “rupture from the past”:
      • it doesn’t assume teleological (believing that final causes exists) explanations
      • it focuses on continuing daily practices (vs. a certain isolated event causing big change)
      • it doesn’t assume anything in terms of elec media’s role in soc. development
      • it revolves around ideas of transnationalism & postnationalism
    • experiencing modernity through everyday encounters = rel. recent phenom
    • “electronic mass mediation and transnational mobilization have broken the monopoly of autonomous nation-states over the project of modernization” (10)
    • emergence of new “diasporic public spheres” (10)
  • The Eye of Anthropology
    • globalization has not let to just an increase in similarities; always the presence of standing/new differences to balance it out
    • here A looks at role of word “culture” and “cultural” in his work; wants to be careful of any assumptions tying race & culture together
    • “culture is not usefully regarded as a substance but is better regarded as a dimension of phenomena, a dimension that attends to situated and embodied difference” (12-13)
    • casual use of “culture” assumes certain generalities of group identity in relation to race; A wants to use it only to signify where difference occurs; doesn’t want to tie ethnicity to ideas of bio/genetics but rather an ongoing construction of identity
    • p14 = VERY confusing ūüė¶
    • to A, culture = “process of naturalizing a subset of differences that have been mobilized to articulate group identity” (15)
    • culturalism as being actively aware of cultural differences in the context of how the nation-state forms its policies
  • How Areas Get Studied
    • it is critical to analyze the reasons behind certain identity formations as well as the formations themselves
    • “area studies” as a much-neglected region of study; shows values/aims of academics (esp in US) to want to prioritize some fields and downplay others
    • A stresses again that globalization is NOT a homogenization of Americanization
    • importance of the link between diaspora and deterritorialization
  • Social Science after Patriotism
    • A feels like the nation-state is becoming increasingly obsolete¬† in era of globalization
    • feels gov systems are often overly corruptible w/ ideas of how to best perpetuate nationalism
    • also, nation-states have become more and more troubled (and shaped) by cultural tensions
    • again, growth of diasporic public spheres (no longer limited to national contexts) are being actively influenced by mass media and global migration
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Article: ‚ÄúTheorizing Cyberspace‚Ä̬†(Mitra/Watts)

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TheorizingCyberspace-MitraWatts

“Theorizing Cyberspace: The Idea of Voice Applied to Internet Discourse” – Ananda Mitra & Eric Watts

-found in GB Ch 14

**need to read/summarize/analyze**

Article: ‚ÄúCharacteristics of the WWW Text‚ÄĚ (Mitra)

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http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.1999.tb00330.x/full

“Characteristics of the WWW Text: Tracing Discursive Strategies” – Ananda Mitra

-found in GB Ch 15

**need to read/summarize/analyze**

Article: “Cinema in Urban Space” (Vasudevan)

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http://www.india-seminar.com/2003/525/525%20ravi%20vasudevan.htm

“Cinema in Urban Space” – Ravi Vasudevan

-found in GB Ch 15

**need to read/summarize/analyze**https://bollywoodandhungary.wordpress.com/wp-admin/post-new.php

Article: “Film Culture, Politics, and Industry” (Srinivas)

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http://www.india-seminar.com/2003/525/525%20s.v.%20srinivas.htm

“Film Culture, Politics, and Industry” – S.V. Srinivas

-found listed in GB Ch 15

**need to read/summarize/analyze**

Article: ‚ÄúThe Global and Local in International Communications‚Ä̬†(Sreberny-Mohammadi)

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http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=L2h-pKb2tVAC&oi=fnd&pg=PA337&ots=BEKofPg2n5&sig=OnLizMETBO3m-ixvZcY8SR-ojuM#v=onepage&q&f=false

-found listed in GB Ch 10

**need to read/summarize/analyze**

Article: “Pop Cosmopolitanism” (Jenkins)

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http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=rc7FRbkkzsEC&oi=fnd&pg=RA1-PA114&dq=jenkins+pop+cosmopolitanism&ots=jilAi3vGU3&sig=HLZpvgtXsa-xqvXd0u8SK5sd4kU#v=onepage&q=jenkins%20pop%20cosmopolitanism&f=false

(p114-140) “Pop Cosmopolitanism: Mapping Cultural Flows in an Age of Media Convergence” – Henry Jenkins

-found listed in GB Ch 10

**need to read/summarize/analyze**

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