This book is compiled/edited by Andrzej Korbonski and Francis Fukuyama; chapter/essay was written by Robert Horn. What I HAVE to keep in mind is that this book was published in 1987! This means it is fairly outdated, but it does present a good summarizing picture of Indo-Soviet relations until the 80s…

  • 1955: SU signed agreement to loan $100 million to India to build steel mill in Bhilai; PM Nehru visited SU as (first) non-aligned leader; Khrushchev visited India to show foreign policy support
  • research questions from the essay: “What was it about India that attracted Soviet interest in 1955, and what explains the continuing Soviet interest since then? How did and how does India fit into the Soviet Union’ s foreign policy goals and objectives? Second, what factors explain the nature of the relationship, its closeness and limitations? What factors have been conducive and what have obstructed the establishment of Soviet influence in India?” (209)
  • India in Context of Soviet Foreign Policy Interests
    • interest driven by pragmatic goals; also lessening Western influence in the Third World
    • India’s own goals: nonalignment aka boosting independence; seeking security; protect broader South Asian subcontinent from domination
  • Nature of the Relationship: Attracting Factors
    • similar industrial interests: oil, metal, manufacturing, etc
    • “India felt compelled to seek a reliable superpower friend, and the USSR realized that India would likely be responsive to its own anti-American global strategy” (213)
      • even here, it’s clear that the “non-aligned” countries still have alliances set up, India’s move was virtually always related to Pakistan’s political moves (P allied w/ US)
  • Nature of the Relationship: Limiting Factors
    • pertinent to my research: India has appreciated SU support but is willing to seek other allies
    • Indo-Soviet relationship shown as “shifting balance of mutual dependency” (225)
    • “India has needed the Soviet Union for support, in times of crisis vis-a-vis Pakistan and in times of uncertainty as the Sino-American rapprochement has developed. India has also needed the economic, technical, and military assistance that the Soviets have been able to provide” (225)

Interesting to note that initial foreign support that India sought was specifically non-US!