S&N, Conclusion (Larkin)

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  • “problematics common to media but often underexamined”… “involve the link between media and infrastructure, the role of breakdown and repair in the working of media systems, the heterogeneous nature of cultural flows, the competition between discursive systems (religious, colonial, nationalist) that attempt to stabilize the logic of media, the ontological instability of technologies themselves, their locus as sites for political contest, and thus their open-ended contingency” (253)

S&N, Introduction (Larkin)

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Larkin, Brian. Signal and Noise: Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria. Durham: Duke University Press, 2008. Print.

  • “Media technologies are more than transmitters of content, they represent cultural ambitions, political machineries, modes of leisure, relations between technology and the body, and, in certain ways, the economy and spirit of an age. Yet at the same time, media such as television, cassettes, and cinema provide the infrastructure to facilitate and direct transnational flows of cultural goods and the modes of affect, desire, fantasy, and devotions these goods provoke” (2)
  • “The meanings attached to technologies, their technical functions, and the social uses to which they are put are not an inevitable consequence but something worked out over time in the context of considerable cultural debate” (3)
  • “Media systems are sponsored and built to effect social action, to create specific sorts of social subjects” (3)
  • “Media operate as a wider networked infrastructure that facilitates and mediates the goods that travel along its paths” (5)
  • “Analyzing media as technical infrastructures gives greater analytic purchase on how these technologies operate as technical systems. Infrastructures are the institutionalized networks that facilitate the flow of goods in a wider cultural as well as physical sense” (5)
  • “Infrastructures, in my usage, refers to this totality of both technical and cultural systems that create institutionalized structures whereby goods of all sorts circulate, connecting and binding people into collectivities” (6)
  • “Infrastructures are not simply neutral conduits, then; they mediate and shape the nature of economic and cultural flows and the fabric of urban life” (6)