Claims, Reasons, Evidence

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So Gary had us do this assignment where we needed to categorize different parts of our argument into three “classes”: claims, reasons, and evidence. It was a pretty interesting/useful exercise, because it really made me think about the overall flow of my paper, which right now is quite choppy and all over the place. Here’s what I came up with:

Claim: Neoliberal economic shifts have allowed for a dynamic media relationship between India and Hungary, which has led to the production of culture with Bollywood films, in order to boost inter-government amicability. Yet the economic origin of this cultural production limits its success: there is unresolved tension between filmic representation and national identity related to Hungary (this last sentence sucks…)


1) Pre-1980s Indo-Hungarian exchange was limited to formal industrial trade

Evidence: Communist/strong central gov set up from 1950s-1970s; stemming from politically-focused alliance

2) Neoliberalism opens up economic structures for transnational interactions

Evidence: Shift of economic figures, both domestically and Indo-Hung trade; industrialization of Bollywood, further globalization of Indian economy

3) Cinematic production allows for a blend of cultural/economic production

Evidence: India Film Festivals, India Week, the function of film festivals, on-location shooting

4) A blending of cultural/economic production can sometimes lead to  complications of national identity representation (w/ “national erasure”)

Evidence: Act of 2004, Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam, Aks, film analysis + broader implications (econ stats too)

Reworked Thesis Outline

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I Abstract

II Introduction

Ø      Can add in “Why Hungary” section here (make it easier to tie points together)

Ø      Can also add in “What’s in a Name” section once it’s condensed

III Methodology

Ø      Should put in elements of neoliberalism criticism as well

IV     Media Flows

Ø      Appadurai, Larkin

V    Setting the Scene: 1950s

Ø      Or maybe call this something broader, like “Historical Roots”?

Ø      Combine minor sections (“Golden Age of Cinema,” “Indo-Soviet Relations,” “Hungary in 1956”)

Ø      Maybe even add in “Industrial Trade” section here if the titled is reworked…

VI     Neoliberalism and Cultural Production

Ø      Need to include some critique of neoliberalism when defining/explaining it

Ø      Also should delve into how culture is produced in this case where economic development drives forth a transnational dialogue of India and Hungary

Ø      Combine “Bollywood’s Industrialization” section too – use this to link the history of economic neoliberalism with idea of cultural production but then use it to lead to transnationality of Indo-Hungarian relationship

VII     Bollywood in Hungary

Ø      Film festivals, India Week

Ø      The difference in how India is legitimized/actively acknowledged (as opposed to vice versa)

VIII    Hungary in Bollywood

Ø      Start with summary of Hungary’s film industry growth/history

Ø      Film analysis of clips from Aks and Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam – including HDDCS screening

Ø      Use screenshots as visuals

Ø      Use this to link to Elmer/Gasher idea of “national erasure” in cinema (grad school writing sample)

Ø      Act of 2004 and showing where this is going (economic film policies impacting cultural production)

IX     Conclusion

Ø      Limited success of Indo-Hungarian relationship to impact cultural production

Ø      Yet it still provides example of how economic change can (not necessarily will) translate to a cultural exchange

Ø      Emerging phenomenon of media-driven transnational relationship

X     List of Works Cited

Winter Quarter Work Outline…

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Wow, I didn’t realize it had been so long since I had posted! After taking a few weeks off in early/mid December, I started up with research again, this time by watching two Hindi movies (Aks & Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam) that had been partially filmed in Hungary. I made clips of these films (not sure if I can post these on the blog) in order to analyze them to see how Hungary is represented.This will help me add in a section breaking down specific moments in these films and analyzing the cultural implications of this filmic representation.

So the thesis is due on March 8th….yikes. My lofty goal is to have a full draft by the end of this month, and spend the last 5-ish weeks editing. Here is my work outline:

Winter Quarter 2011: Tentative Thesis Work Schedule

*tasks listed on the week I’d like to have them done by*


-reread Fall Draft, revise language, send to Nitin for critique

-set up meeting time with him


-incorporate film policy language into draft

-write film clip analysis section

-integrate screen shots

-re-outline whole paper with newly added portions


-develop critical aspect of neoliberalism portion

-figure out how to deal with culture as an industry (rather than intercultural dialogue)

-figure out any lit review additions w/ Appadurai?


-make language more succinct and active, especially in earlier/historical portions

-work on “cultural ramifications” ideas after Bollywood in Hungary portion

– smooth out transitions from one section to the next…consider cutting down heading #s


-blend in lit review portions w/ Appadurai “mediascapes”, Elmer/Gasher “national erasure”? etc

-ideas of diplomacy as a motivation for cultural production/distribution (through film)


-rewrite methodology with new additions in mind

-work more on smoother transitions


-make language more succinct and active à full draft read-through


-rewrite Introduction

-rewrite Conclusion

-rewrite Abstract


-check over all footnotes

-check over List of Works Cited

-read-through of entire draft


Final Draft due!!! (March 8th)

-figure out binding details, etc

First Full Draft Finished!

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Looking over it, I know there’s A LOT more work to be done in the next several months, but I finally have a full first draft – complete with a Works Cited page and footnotes 🙂 34 pages! Putting a 40-pg draft together over break doesn’t seem so bad now!

Updated Research Question…

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Just thought I’d post the research question (and following thesis/argument) as it currently stands:

These historical circumstances raise a compelling question at the forefront of this study: How have shifts in economic policy in India and Hungary led to changes in media production and distribution that in turn have institutionalized Indo-Hungarian cultural exchange? The neoliberal policies from the 1980s transformed the earlier industrial-based relationship between India and Hungary. It heightened the fluidity of contact, broke down governmental barriers that had previously stood in the way. While bilateral trade has certainly existed since the 1950s, waves of economic liberalization have reshaped the way in which media – mainly popular Hindi cinema – functions as a mode of exchange. As Bollywood has changed the way that it approaches the production and distribution processes, it has adopted the role of an intercultural bridge.

Current Argument Framework…WILL CONTINUE THIS!

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So I have to turn in a 20-pg draft by Week 10, approximately two weeks from now…December 1st. Here is the basic structure that I want to follow (right now I have about half of this done):

1. Introduction

-background information etc
-research question
-brief thesis/argument outline

2. Methodology

-short section proposing method of argument and analysis

3. Why Hungary?

-highlighting significance and uniqueness of Indo-Hungarian relations in this context (justifying to the reader why this research project is important or relevant)

a) start of the India-Hungary relations in 1956….is this still something that should go under this heading? Is it better suited for the Historical section?

b) Hungary without a South Asian diaspora; this is a government-driven film conversation

c) Hungary as being a small nation (having to find a different spot for itself in global networks of film production today)

4. What’s in a Name?

-brings up the complexity of the label “Bollywood”, as well as the difference between Hindi cinema and Bollywood

5. Setting the Scene: 1950s

The Golden Age of Hindi Cinema – establish role of Hindi cinema in 1950s, social function etc

Indo-Soviet Relations – summarize blooming interaction; manufacturing-based (sets up the juxtaposition of India’s response to Hungary’s revolt)

Hungary in 1956 –briefly summarize the rebellion, with key figures on both sides

India’s Response – mention official announcements by Nehru, etc; implications for this…maybe mention Kalmar

6. First Exchanges: Bilateral Trade

-this section will briefly develop the main facets of Indo-Hungarian interaction pre-1980s, mainly through industrial trade of steel/metals…and then somehow work in the investment in IT and pharmaceutical?

**I need to figure out a way to make this temporally (but definitely logically) sound….**

7. Economic Shifts: Neoliberalism

Definition – Literature Review on Harvey; point out its benefits/limits

Hungary – how it developed its policies post Communism **NEED to find more articles/text on this**

India – Chatterjee, Bose

8. Earning “Industry” Status

9. Media Exchange: Contemporary Manifestations

10. Hungary Reaps the Benefits

11. The Flow of Media

12. Conclusion

-something absolutely awesome.

Govil Office Hours

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